WRDTC Induction Event 2014: Poster Exhibition
Damayanti, Rully University of Sheffield, Architecture/Urban Design The Application of Mixed Methods Approach; Spatial Perception and Identity of Young Adults in Kampungs, Surabaya-Indonesia (PDF, 2.1MB) What does it mean to be young and live in marginal areas, and experience economically disadvantages when the neighbourhood is surrounded by modern and beautiful buildings? Is there any specific social identity and spatial identity in understanding this contradiction? The poster is based on a research that answers those questions. It explores young adults’ understanding of living in kampungs, which is in juxtaposition with a central business district in Surabaya City. The term of kampung means a settlement in a village, in Indonesian. It will lead to define spatial identity through understanding of their social practices and spatial perceptions. The research used a multifaceted methodological approach, combined with an interdisciplinary theoretical frame. This research related to meaning making behind a specific group, a semi-ethnographical approach is needed. Technics for data collection are: questionnaires, semi-structured interviews (one-on-one and group), map drawing, and photos/ videos documentation.
Elvy, Joanna University of Leeds, Planning Participative Transport Planning and Social Exclusion: Where do we begin? Understanding different perspectives through the co-production of knowledge (PDF, 237KB) Previous research has highlighted the need for more effective participative transport planning, as well as the potential benefits for the creation of a context specific design and evaluation framework for public participation. In order to create such a framework it is important to understand current policy and practice from a wide variety of perspectives, and to co-produce that framework with people and organisations representing those perspectives.
This paper outlines the results from the ‘problem specification’ phase of this study, which involved carrying out an online questionnaire and follow-up interviews with English local transport planners, policy-makers, community transport organisations, transport operators, and organisations representing groups ‘at risk’ of social exclusion. The questionnaire and interviews explored current participatory practice in transport planning which involved representation from socially excluded groups and individuals. This paper also explores the challenges of co-producing frameworks which are both sensitive to context and transferrable.
Gao, Xiu University of York, Environment and Sustainability End-users and New Pollution Technologies (PDF, 1.12MB ) While a number of novel technologies already exist, uptake by the end-user sector is slow due to the burden of regulated methodologies and related issues associated with technologies developed by the academic community which do not meet the needs of end users. This project aims to establish the needs of end-users so that the deployment of new technologies can be better calibrated. The research begins with a review of the statutory requirements for monitoring of pollution in three case study cities: York, Berlin and Seoul. Through surveys and interviews, the study will identify which workplace practices may have to change to accommodate the use of new technologies and data generated, and how established practices might implicate design choices and practical accommodation. The study will involve analysis of recent experiences in implementing new pollution regulations and monitoring requirements to determine which aspects were successful and unsuccessful.
Harrison, Elizabeth University of Leeds, International Development Harnessing Synergies between Climate Change Mitigation, Adaptation and Development (PDF, 503KB) There is growing evidence that the involvement of local communities affected by carbon sequestration and payment for ecosystem services (PES) projects can play a vital role in helping to harness the triple win dimensions of climate change mitigation, adaptation, and development. Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), for example, has sought to give local communities a greater say and control in the management of their natural resources. This poster will consider the arguments for implementing community-based approaches to climate change mitigation, including the debate around the terms “community” and “decentralisation”. It will highlight how lessons can be learnt from the long history of CBNRM in the southern Africa region, with specific attention to Zimbabwe, to inform future carbon sequestration and payment for ecosystem services (PES) projects on how best to harness the triple win dimensions, and align PES with the requirements of climate compatible development.
Knight, Caroline University of Sheffield, Work Psychology How can work engagement in nursing staff be improved? (PDF, 500KB) “In response to current concerns regarding the quality of NHS patient care, this study aims to evaluate a staff led intervention to increase the work engagement, wellbeing and performance of nursing staff on NHS elderly care wards. Staff on 6 intervention wards and 6 matched control wards have been invited to participate in this three wave, non-randomised, quasi-experimental study (16 months in total). Staff on the intervention wards will participate in a series of interactive, participant led workshops over a period of 6 months, designed to identify and support the implementation of interventions to improve the said outcomes. Questionnaires completed by staff on both the control and intervention wards at all three time points will enable the success of the intervention to be evaluated. If the results are positive, this novel intervention could be rolled out across other wards within the NHS and, potentially, other healthcare settings.
Mahmoud Marzouk University of York, Management A Model for Corporate Risk Disclosure Quality (PDF, 479KB) This study seeks to develop a model for assessing and improving CRD quality. The study therefore will first define the characteristics of useful risk information informed by the prior corporate disclosure literature in general and CRD research in particular. The study will also consider the publications of the professional accounting and regulatory bodies. Then a number of semi-structured interviews will be conducted with different groups of stakeholders including investors, mangers, annual report preparers, auditors, investors, creditors and member of the accounting professional bodies. The purpose is to identify the users` expectations for quality of risk information as well as constraints on mangers regarding risk communication. The model should maintain the balance between the information needs of users and management concerns. Consequently the model will be applied to investigate CRD quality in annual reports and investigate its key determinants by examining the relationship between CRD quality and some company-specific characteristics.
Qutishat, Dua’ The University of Sheffield, Speech-Language Pathology/ Neurological Speech Disorders Improving the management of dysarthria in Jordan (PDF, 187KB) Introduction: dysarthria (slurred speech) is a motor speech disorder which often associated with neurological diseases. The Frenchay Dysarthria Assessment (FDA-2) is a commonly used assessment tool for Dysarthria in the UK and other countries which has been translated and adapted for many languages but not Arabic. Aim: this research aims to provide a psychometrically robust diagnostic assessment to improve management of patients with dysarthria in Jordan; this will be achieved by translating, extending and adapting the FDA-2 and testing its reliability and validity. Methods: study design; standardisation- single blinded study. Mixed methods: Phase (1) quantitative and qualitative (Questionnaire). Phase (2) quantitative (Diagnostic test). Results: the FDA-2 was extended, adapted and translated into Arabic and the normal cut-offs, reliability and clinical testing of the assessment clinically were conducted in 2012. Conclusions: the FDA-3 is expected to discriminate between pathological groups in Jordanian subjects in a similar fashion to English subjects.
Siyengwa, Rina University of York, Environment and Sustainability Environmental monitoring as participatory science (PDF, 60KB) Participatory Environmental Monitoring is a monitoring approach that develops partnerships of multiple stakeholders for efficient, effective and socially inclusive monitoring. In order to develop new effective monitoring approaches for environmental pollutants it is essential to not only focus on technological developments but also to understand the needs of different users of the monitoring data and the barriers and opportunities for employing these technologies in the real world. By doing this, the likelihood that new technologies adopted by end users will be significantly increased. This project is aimed at identifying the potential opportunities and barriers to engaging the public in the use of emerging monitoring technologies and techniques, and the implications for, and impacts upon, relevant institutions such as government agencies and product suppliers.
Winter, Peter University of Sheffield, Sociology A comparison of visual knowledges in diagnostic X-ray interpretation between medicine and radiography across the student-workplace transition (PDF, 899KB)) STS research regarding the relationship between knowledge and technology note distinct ‘epistemic cultures’ between disciplines that have very different approaches in diagnostic practice, and their roles in the assertion of expert authoritativeness. ‘Epistemic culture’ is defined as ‘those amalgams of arrangements and mechanisms which … make up how we know what we know’. While it is now clear that epistemic cultures imbue members with often taken-for-granted, ‘common sense’ cultural assumptions, styles of interpretation and values, SIV* scholars have yet to examine how novice visual knowledges from different diagnostic disciplines make-sense of imaging data during undergraduate education. Research documenting practices of radiological learning has tended to focus on expert diagnosticians and the production of medical images, and in doing so has neglected the initial learning environment. Consequently, research has overlooked how amalgams of instruments, strategies, practices and ways of envisioning knowledge may alter in transition between an educational to workplace setting.
Loreto Aliaga-Salas and Zuraidah Ismail University of Leeds, Education Impact of Curriculum Change in Two National Contexts (PDF, 891KB) “This poster illustrates two studies of curriculum change in teacher education in two national contexts: Malaysia and Chile. The new teacher education curriculum in Malaysia is the B.Ed. Teaching English as a second language (TESL) programme provided at an Institute of Teacher Education (ITE). In Chile, the newly implemented Pre-service Teaching of English programme is offered by a private university in Santiago.
The main purpose of both studies is to investigate the impact of two different new curriculums in teacher education on different stakeholders. The participants of the study in Malaysia will be novice teachers of B.Ed. TESL programme and in Chile they will be university staff, university lecturers and trainees.
The presentation focusses on the similarities and differences encountered during the stages of planning and implementation of the curriculums implemented so far, e.g. in Malaysia, the curriculum for teacher education in ITEs has been designed centrally by the MoE, and it is devolved to 27 ITEs. In Chile, contrastingly, each university devises its own curriculum. The Chilean research concentrates on one particular curriculum designed by those who are teaching it. However, since both are new, the implementation processes have been complicated by several issues.