PhD Posters Exhibition
Politics, The University of Sheffield
Democracy and the Eurozone (PDF, 1.3MB).
The financial crisis hit the entire world and has been the reason for adopting some of the most harsh and laissez-faire policies the Western world has ever experienced. Loss of jobs and pay cuts are only a few of the severe consequences that the management of this crisis has had. The region that was affected most was the EU. This research asks the following research question: Has the crisis made the EU less democratic? And if so, who were the winners and who the losers of this new form of the EU? The framework of David Beetham is innovatively combined with the existing literature on the democratic deficit of the EU to produce a set of democratic evaluation criteria that can be applied to supranational organizations. Through said process the democratic value of the EU is assessed and, accordingly, the winners and losers of the new EU are presented.
Health Science, The University of York/ Bradford Institute for Healthcare Research
Assessing the implementation of Electronic Medical Records, (eMR) into the Bradford Teaching Hospital NHS Foundations Trust, (BTHFT) (PDF, 234KB).
Aims: Electronic medical records, (eMR) and the use of mobile devices (IPads) within clinical practice is an expanding yet contested area. This study aims to 1) understand Health Care Professionals, (HCPs) perceptions of the benefits, barriers, facilitators and organisational influences of eMR 2) the impact eMR has upon clinical practice and patient safety. Methods: eMR and Ipads are being introduced into the Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (BTHFT) which will be used as a case study site for this research. A purposive sample of HCPs from the directorate of general surgery will be recruited. A qualitative longitudinal interview study will be conducted using a before-after design. This will enable HCPs perceptions before and after the introduction of eMR/IPads to be assessed. Outcomes: The study will inform U.K Trusts implementing eMR of the associated benefits and challenges from the HCP’s perspective. Key Words: Electronic Medical Records, (eMR). Health care professionals (HCPs)
Education, The University of Sheffield
Access to (language) learning: Perspectives of Eastern European Roma, Gypsy and Traveller pupils in British primary education. A mixed methods approach” (Phase 2) (PDF, 380KB)
The educational achievement of children from Roma, Gypsy and Traveller (RGT) backgrounds is found to be below UK National Expectations (DfES, 2005). The study aims to (1) identify the barriers RGT children may experience in accessing education; (2) explore if / how their English language skills impact on their learning; (3) investigate how to facilitate their engagement in learning and school. Participants were 18 Eastern European RGT pupils (five to eleven year-old bi-/multilinguals) from one primary school in a large city (North England). Mixed methods included (a) interviews about children’s experiences of language learning, (b) assessment of their English language skills, (c) classroom observations, and (d) school achievement data. One major barrier for RGT children’s access to the curriculum is their low level of English. Achievement gaps between RGT children & monolingual peers widen with increasing age. Tailored assistance (e.g. specific EAL support), is needed for more successful educational engagement of RGT children and their families.
Speech-Language Pathology/ Neurological Speech Disorders, The University of Sheffield
Improving the management of dysarthria in Jordan (PDF, 187KB)
Introduction: dysarthria (slurred speech) is a motor speech disorder which often associated with neurological diseases. The Frenchay Dysarthria Assessment (FDA-2) is a commonly used assessment tool for Dysarthria in the UK and other countries which has been translated and adapted for many languages but not Arabic. Aim: this research aims to provide a psychometrically robust diagnostic assessment to improve management of patients with dysarthria in Jordan; this will be achieved by translating, extending and adapting the FDA-2 and testing its reliability and validity. Methods: study design; standardisation- single blinded study. Mixed methods: Phase (1) quantitative and qualitative (Questionnaire). Phase (2) quantitative (Diagnostic test). Results: the FDA-2 was extended, adapted and translated into Arabic and the normal cut-offs, reliability and clinical testing of the assessment clinically were conducted in 2012. Conclusions: the FDA-3 is expected to discriminate between pathological groups in Jordanian subjects in a similar fashion to English subjects.
Psychology, The University of Leeds
Do emotion words provide an ‘internal context’ for the perception of emotion in faces? (PDF, 956KB)
Lindquist et al., (2006) reported semantic satiation effects in the interpretation of facial expression. Emotion perception was less accurate after participants had repeated an emotion label 30 vs. 3 times (e.g. ‘sad’). Emotion labels may play a role in shaping important conceptual knowledge. Within trials participants were required to repeat emotion labels which matched or mismatched the emotional expression at test. Theories about the structure of conceptual knowledge would be informed by comparing decision accuracy after satiation of a relevant vs. irrelevant label. Adding a ‘baseline’ condition, where non-emotion words are repeated, may develop theories. A 2(word repetition: 3 vs. 30) × 2(word relevance: emotion vs. control) within-subjects design was employed. Face decision accuracy was analysed. Critical comparisons assessed face decision accuracy after satiation of an emotion versus control word. Results enabled new conclusions about the strength of satiation effects in emotion perception and the structure of supporting conceptual information.
(Emma Portch, Charity Brown, Jelena Havelka, Rebecca Simpson, Hannah Cook – Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, UK).
Information Studies, The University of Sheffield
Quality Management approaches in academic libraries : A case study of Nigeria (PDF, 1.5MB)
This study is investigating approaches to quality management practices in academic libraries in Nigeria. The purpose of the study is to develop a quality management model for academic library settings for adoption by academic library managers. The study is exploring types of quality management and quality service techniques, as well as existing models, to create a model suitable for Nigerian academic libraries. The study is using a cross-sectional case study approach, adopting the use of both quantitative and qualitative data collection techniques (Mixed methods). Preliminary findings reveal awareness of quality management practices and quality service delivery and their impact on institutional mission and vision. There is also evidence of quality management practices and quality service delivery which is a requirement for quality management implementation. The study hopes to contribute to the body of knowledge in academic library management through generation of an empirical-based framework for quality management implementation in Nigerian academic libraries.
Health Science, The University of York
The importance of maternal mental health diagnosis for child developmental outcomes (PDF, 236KB)
Postnatal depression (PND) is a largely undiagnosed condition. Studies of diagnosed women have shown lasting detrimental effects on their children’s development but less is known about the effects of undiagnosed depression. Data from the Millennium Cohort Study was used to explore long-term effects on children of failing to diagnose mothers with PND. A statistical model estimated the effect of depression, both diagnosed and undiagnosed, on the cognitive and behavioural development of children over time and made comparisons to a control group. Statistically significant differences were found for behavioural but not cognitive development. Children of depressed mothers (diagnosed or undiagnosed) were around twice as likely to meet criteria for high risk of behavioural difficulties compared controls. No significant differences were found between children of diagnosed or undiagnosed mothers. These findings highlight the importance of maternal mental health for child development and the need for adequate screening and treatment of PND.
Khalid Al Tayyar
Education, The University of York
Job satisfaction and motivation amongst secondary school teachers in Saudi Arabia (PDF, 295KB)
The main aim of the study was to explore male teachers’ job satisfaction and motivation in boys’ secondary schools in Saudi Arabia, the research questions are as follows: Research Methodology – A combination of a quantitative and qualitative approach is employed. a.) Questionnaire- to gather data from a random sample of 737 secondary schools teachers in Saudi Arabia. b.) Interviews- an open-ended interview was conducted with 32 teachers. Findings: The results reveal that teachers displayed high levels of both job satisfaction and motivation, with overall mean scores of 3.58 and 3.75 respectively. Factor analysis identified ten main factors with regard to job satisfaction and two in respect of motivation. Graph (1) summarizes the positive responses for each of the ten factors of job satisfaction. Graph (2) shows responses of teachers concerning aspects of motivation factors. Finally, the results indicate the existence of statistically significant differences in job satisfaction and motivation between teachers based on their qualifications, experience and subjects taught.
Education, The University of Leeds
Lena Alfarani’s Poster (PDF, 347KB) The growth of the internet and mobile technologies has enabled institutions of higher education to exploit mobile technology in order to take advantage of its wide. One of the immediate results of this growth in mobile phone technology is that faculty members at universities are increasingly expected to teach by using this technology in order to improve education. The main objective of this study is to better understand the acceptance or rejection of faculty members of mobile learning technology in Saudi higher education. The critical factors from the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT; Venkatesh et al., 2003) and Division Innovation Theory (Rogers, 2003) and the extended constructs (Resistance to change) that affect the acceptance of ML will be tested. Therefore, this case study uses a triangulation or mixed philosophical approach. A mixed methods approach is selected. After analyzing the survey and the data collected during the quantitative phase, synchronous online semi-structured interviews will be conducted.
Economics, The University of Sheffield
A longitudinal analysis of overeducation in China (PDF, 237KB)
This study provides investigates of the returns to overeducation in China from 1989 to 2009. The topic of wage effect of overeducation has been widely explored and generated consistent results in many countries. Their results indicate that workers who are overeducated for their jobs get wage penalties comparing with their counterparts who have similar level of education. However, many scholars choose cross-sectional data to make analysis. Using data from the Chinese Health and Nutrition Survey(CHNS), this study employs panel data analytical method-fixed effects model to control for unobserved heterogeneity and omitted variables. The findings indicate that earning difference in China between correctly educated workers and overeducated workers becomes smaller and in some cases, overeducated workers enjoy wage premium.
Geography, The University of Leeds
Predicting Burglary through Computer Simulation: developing an Agent-Based Model of Residential Burglary (PDF, 744KB)
Research into crime often focuses on aggregate levels of crime, and consequently any subsequent crime prevention policies implemented are based upon aggregated crime patterns. However, this approach fails to understand crime at the individual-level of the offender. The current project seeks to address this problem, through developing an Agent-Based computer simulation model of residential burglary, based upon semi-structured interviews with a sample of approximately 50 burglars within Leeds. From these interviews, offender groups will be derived using a quantitative Latent Class (cluster-based) Analysis, based on offenders’ behavioural features and selection criteria. These groups will provide distinct information on offending patterns and journeys to crime, to reflect the heterogeneity of offenders across Leeds. The simulation model will explore the impact of different crime reduction initiatives and Policing styles with different offender groups, whilst assessing the extent to which offending by different offender groups may be predicted, enabling validation of the model.
Management, The University of York
Change management in the public sectors: the reformation of the Indonesian Tax Agency (PDF, 7.4MB)
Although there is a large body of literature studying organisational change, little attention has been given to the changes in the context of public sector. Evidence from developing countries is even rarer. For those reasons, this study intends to contribute to international comparison in this area. By employing qualitative method, this study aims to draw lessons from the reformation of the Directorate General of Taxes (DGT), the tax agency of Indonesia. The institution has undergone change initiative since 2002 with a certain measure of success. However, the occurrences of some appalling corruption cases revealed in the national media since 2010, have undermined the change agenda. Examining how DGT overcomes the cases and continues the change agenda could provide a deeper understanding of change dynamics. This would be valuable not only to advance the development of organisational change theories, but also to practically benefit DGT and other organisations initiating change programmes.
Psychology, The University of Sheffield
Validation of a new Mixed Emotions scale (PDF, 190KB)
Mixed emotions have been mainly studied as the co-occurrence of positive (e.g., happiness) and negative (e.g., sadness) emotions. However, the subjective experience of mixed emotions has received less attention. This study investigated the validity of a new mixed emotions scale (MES) based on the self-reported subjective experience. This study also distinguished mixed emotions from similar conceptualizations, i.e., ambivalence over emotional expression (AEE) and intolerance of ambiguity (IOA). Data from 417 participants showed a good reliability index of the MES. The construct validity using Structural Equation Modelling supported a single first-order factor model of the MES. Similarly, discriminant validity indicated no relationship with IOA and a positive but low relationship with AEE. Finally, and accordingly with the theory, MES had a positive association both with positive and negative emotions, controlling for AEE. This study demonstrates the contribution of the MES for the development of further research on mixed emotions.
Architecture/Urban Design, The University of Sheffield
The Application of Mixed Methods Approach; Spatial Perception and Identity of Young Adults in Kampungs, Surabaya-Indonesia (PDF, 2.1MB)
What does it mean to be young and live in marginal areas, and experience economically disadvantages when the neighbourhood is surrounded by modern and beautiful buildings? Is there any specific social identity and spatial identity in understanding this contradiction? The poster is based on a research that answers those questions. It explores young adults’ understanding of living in kampungs, which is in juxtaposition with a central business district in Surabaya City. The term of kampung means a settlement in a village, in Indonesian. It will lead to define spatial identity through understanding of their social practices and spatial perceptions. The research used a multifaceted methodological approach, combined with an interdisciplinary theoretical frame. This research related to meaning making behind a specific group, a semi-ethnographical approach is needed. Technics for data collection are: questionnaires, semi-structured interviews (one-on-one and group), map drawing, and photos/ videos documentation.
Nur Suhaili Binti Ramli
Management, The University of York
Immigrant entrepreneurs contribute to the world, really? (PDF, 635KB)
This study discusses the theory of entrepreneurship by (Schumpeter, 1934) where economic development is dependent on entrepreneur groups which are very innovative (in this case the immigrant entrepreneurs) at combining factors to target and produce goods and services (successful brands). The aim of this study is to investigate and explain how companies founded by immigrant entrepreneurs have created successful and global brands. This will mainly look and compare at entrepreneurial activity and behaviour, although the structure of, and changes in, the industries, markets, societies, economies and political systems in which these entrepreneurs operate are also discussed. It focuses on a sample of large companies founded by immigrant entrepreneurs, and which now rank among Europe and North America largest industrials. Comparing successful brands between regions is generally discussed to support the findings. Major trends and comparisons of the differences between entrepreneurial behaviour in the New and Old World are also discussed.
Politics – Centre for Applied Human Rights, The University of York
To Critique or to Collaborate? Tackling Vigilante Violence during Political Transition (PDF, 1.25MB)
The research aims to analyse engagement of civil society organisations (CSOs) with the state while addressing vigilante violence during political transitions. Responses to continuing and emerging challenges need to be formulated by the state and CSOs alike: by the state in its new position as a legitimate hegemon over its citizens and in its responsibility of corresponding rights and duties in a democratic system; and by CSOs in their capacity to challenge but also to advocate the state in providing quality of democratic governance and to address the challenge of persistent and new patterns of violence. However, coming out of an oppositional and conflictive relationship with the state, the reconfiguration of engagement for CSOs is a task at hand. Finding their role and positioning themselves towards the state as a possible partner for action will be crucial for potential impact on addressing shifting patterns of violence and vigilantism.